La Vie Care

Alzheimer’s disease affects the brain in ways that can alter an individual’s personality, mood, and behaviour. Understanding these behaviours helps caregivers respond more effectively, reducing frustration for both the person with Alzheimer’s and themselves.

Communication Tips for Caregivers

Stay Calm and Patient

Patience is your greatest tool. Alzheimer’s can cause your loved one to struggle with simple tasks or become easily frustrated. Speak slowly and clearly, and give them time to respond. If they get agitated, take a step back and try to redirect their focus to a more calming activity.

Use Simple and Direct Language

Complex sentences and abstract concepts can be confusing. Use short, straightforward sentences and be specific. For example, instead of asking, “What do you want to do today?” try, “Would you like to go for a walk or watch a movie?”

Maintain Eye Contact and Use Positive Body Language

Non-verbal cues are essential. Maintain eye contact to show you’re engaged and use a gentle tone. Smiling and nodding can reassure them and convey empathy, even if words are hard to understand.

Avoid Arguing or Correcting

If your loved one says something incorrect or confuses facts, resist the urge to correct them. Arguing can lead to frustration. Instead, acknowledge their feelings and gently steer the conversation in a positive direction.

Provide Reassurance and Encouragement

Offer words of comfort and positive reinforcement. Phrases like “You’re doing great” or “I’m here to help you” can boost their confidence and reduce anxiety.

Use Visual Cues and Gestures

Sometimes, showing is better than telling. Use gestures, pictures, or written words to help convey your message. For instance, pointing to a cup when offering a drink can be more effective than asking verbally.

Create a Quiet Environment

Background noise can be distracting and overwhelming. Ensure a quiet setting when communicating, free from TV or loud conversations. This helps the person focus better on the interaction.

Be Consistent with Routines

Familiarity can provide comfort. Stick to regular routines and use the same phrases for daily activities. This consistency helps reduce confusion and makes it easier for the person to understand what’s happening.

Encourage Engagement in Activities

Engage your loved one in activities they enjoy or have always liked. Whether it’s listening to music, gardening, or simple crafts, these activities can stimulate their mind and provide a sense of normalcy.

Learn to Interpret Non-Verbal Communication

People with Alzheimer’s may express themselves through body language more than words. Pay attention to their gestures, facial expressions, and actions to understand their needs and feelings.

Dealing with Specific Behaviours

Repetitive Questions

Respond to repetitive questions with patience. Answer as if it’s the first time they’ve asked, and try to provide comfort. Sometimes, redirecting their attention to another topic or activity can break the cycle.


Wandering can be a common and concerning behaviour. Ensure the home is safe and secure, and keep a current photo and information about your loved one in case they wander away.


Aggressive behaviour can stem from fear, confusion, or physical discomfort. Stay calm, avoid confrontational body language, and try to determine the cause. Sometimes, a change in environment or activity can help.



Communication with someone who has Alzheimer’s requires empathy, patience, and creativity. By adapting your approach and being mindful of their unique needs, you can enhance their quality of life and maintain a positive connection. Remember, every day may bring new challenges, but your compassion and understanding can make a significant difference in their journey.


At La Vie Care, our facilities are staffed with specially trained professionals to provide exceptional care for Alzheimer’s patients. We understand the unique challenges this disease presents, and we’re committed to creating a supportive and enriching environment for your loved one. Learn more about our dementia care services at La Vie Care Dementia Care.